Category Archives: Agriculture

Georgian Agricultural Labour: “Learning about Capitalism”

  The ‘new’ agriculture required capital in ways that were unexpected. Capital to buy better livestock to improve your own. Capital to purchase marl and lime to add to the fertility of your land. Capital to bring marginal land into … Continue reading

Posted in Agriculture, C18th Norfolk, Georgian Society | 2 Comments

Scotch Runts in Norfolk

This is not a scurrilous attack on certain people born north of the border! The creatures I am writing about were cattle. Large numbers of mostly Galloway bullocks from the generally poor grazing areas of Scotland were driven south to … Continue reading

Posted in Agriculture, C18th Norfolk | 9 Comments

Georgian Agricultural Labour: “Men as Machines”

During the eighteenth century, England’s agricultural lands and economy changed from yeoman and peasant subsistence farming to something not too different from what is with us today: professional, commercial, market-oriented production, relying on sufficient inputs of capital to sustain ever-increasing … Continue reading

Posted in Agriculture, C18th Norfolk, Georgian Society

Living Conditions for the Georgian Rural Poor

Most of us assume that the rural poor in the 18th-century lived in cottages. But what is a cottage? Is it simply a small dwelling house, maybe with a single room? Is it a small house that stands by itself, … Continue reading

Posted in Agriculture, C18th Norfolk | 4 Comments

Ducks to the Rescue!

Norfolk in the eighteenth century was a prime agricultural county, as it is today. It’s not surprising therefore that the local papers sometimes included advice to farmers. One area that must have been of concern to most of those who … Continue reading

Posted in Agriculture | 1 Comment

The Eighteenth-century Agricultural Revolution

It’s tempting to focus entirely on the industrial revolution of the late-eighteenth century and miss the other revolution going on at the same time. Just as manufacturing and transport were changed for ever by the replacing of horse and human … Continue reading

Posted in Agriculture | 2 Comments

The Uses—and Drawbacks—of ‘Dibbling’ Grain

      In most of the 18th century, before the introduction of the mechanical seed-drill, there were only two ways of sowing crops. Wheat and barley, turnips and beans were either broadcast (scattered on the land) or ‘dibbled’ into … Continue reading

Posted in Agriculture | 1 Comment